Lady Margaret Somerville, wife of Sir Roger Kirkpatrick, was the daughter of Baron Thomas de Somerville and Lady Jane Stewart. Not much is known about Lady Margaret herself other than she was a daughter, wife, and mother. There is a lot written about her parentage and lineage as she was a direct descendant of King Alfred the Great through her mother Lady Jane Stewart.
Sir Roger and Lady Margaret had three sons, Sir Thomas Kirkpatrick of Closeburne, knight, (who was made keeper of Lochmaben castle in the year 1481,) and Alexander Kirkpatrick of Kirkmichael, who received the barony of Kirkmichael from the king, as a reward for having taken prisoner James, the 9th and last Earl of Douglas, at the battle of Burnswark, A. D. 1481. And Roger (Hoge) Kirkpatrick of Caerlaveroch Castle.
Sir Thomas de Somerville, the 1st Lord Somerville, became the Baron of Carnwath upon his marriage to Lady Jane Stewart, daughter of Sir Alexander Stewart of Darlie. He was one of the Commissioners in 1423 who went to London to treat for the ransom of King James I and was one of the hostages for the ransom. Sir Thomas served as a warden of the border and fought alongside William Wallace even though Sir Thomas was among the many Scottish nobles who were pressured into signing the Ragman Roll, pledging allegiance to England’s Edward I in 1296. In 1424, he endowed with some lands the collegiate church of Carnwath, which was the burial place of the ancient family until 1602.
The first known Somerville on record is Sir Gaultier de Somerville 1st Baron of Whichenour. Sir Gaultier was of Norman descent and the name is derived from a town near Caen in Normandy now called Sommervieux. Sir Gaultier accompanied William the Conqueror in 1066 in the conquest of England, and reportedly was one of William the Conqueror’s chief commanders. He was lord of the territory of Whitchnour in the county of Stafford and Somerville Aston in Gloucestershire. Sir Gaultier was the progenitor of all the Somervilles in England. He lived after the year 1100.
Clan Somerville Facts
Motto: Fear God in Life
Coats of Arms:
The following is an excerpt from the book “The Battle Abbey Roll Volume III”, page 105 telling the history of the crest:
William de Somerville, who, about the year 1150, witnessed
a charter of Malcolm King of Scotland for Sawtrey Abbey in Huntingdonshire
(Mon. i. 851), and in 1158 was indebted to the Crown twenty marks of silver,
but v/as in Scotland (Rot. Pip.). He had attached himself to the fortunes of
King David L, from whom he received a grant of the lands of Carnwath. His
grandson further obtained in 1174 the barony of Linton in Roxburghshire.
According to an old MS. in the Advocate's Library, quoted by Sir Walter Scott,
" he was made by King William (the lion) his principal falconer, and got from
that king the lands and baronie of Linton, in Teviotdale, for an extraordinaire
and valiant action, which, according to the manuscript of the family of Drum,
was thus :
In the parochen of Lintoun there happened to breede a monster, in
forme of a serpent or worme : in length, three Scots yards, and somewhat bigger
than an ordinarie man's leg, with a head more proportionable to its length than
greatnesse. It had its den in a hollow piece of ground, a mile S.E. from Lintoun
church : it destroyed both men and beasts that came in its way. Several
attempts were made to destroy it, by shooting of arrows, and throwing of darts,
none daring to approach so near as to make use of a sword or lance. [William]
Somerville undertakes to kill it, and being well mounted, and attended with a
stoute servant, he cam, before the sun-rising, before the dragon's den, having
prepared some long, small, and hard peats " (bog-turf dried for fuel) " bedabbled
with pitch, rosett, and brimstone, fixed with a small wire upon a wheel, at the
point of his lance ; these, being touched with fire, would instantly break out into
flames ; and, there being a breath of air, that served to his purpose, about
the sun-rising the worme appeared with her head and some part of her body
without the den : whereupon his servant set fire to the peats upon the wheel
at the top of the lance, and John Somerville, advancing with a full gallop,
thrust the same with the wheel, and a great part of the lance, directly into the
serpent's mouth, which wente down its throat into the belly, and was left there,
the lance breaking by the re-bounding of the horse, and giving a deadly wound
to the dragon ; for which action he was knighted by King William ; and his
effigies was cut in ston in the posture he performed this actione, and placed
above the principal church door of Lintoun, where it is yet to be seen, with his
name and sirname ; and the place where this monster was killed is at this day
called the Wormes Glen. And further to perpetuate this actione, the barons of
Lintoun, Cowthally, and Drum, did always carry for crest a wheel, and thereon
a dragon." The rude piece of sculpture that commemorates the exploit is still
in its place ; and a falcon on the knight's arm probably denotes his office of
Clan Somerville Historic Seat:
Carnwath House - now gone. Carnwath was in the ownership of the Somervilles from 1140 up to sometime in the late 17th century, when the family got into debt and had to sell the estate. It went to the Lockharts.
“Debrett’s Complete Peerage of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland” 22nd Edition; ed. William Courthope, Esq.; p. 473-477
“The Peerage of Scotland Containing an Historical and Genealogical Account of the Nobility of that Kingdom” by George Crawford, Esq.; 1716; p. 445-446
“Memorie of the Somervilles; being a History of the Baronial House of Somerville” by James Eleventh Lord Somerville; 1815
“The Battle Abbey Roll with some Account of the Norman Lineages Volume III” by the Duchess of Cleveland; 1889; pg. 103 – 106
ScotClans; Clan Somerville; URL: https://www.scotclans.com/scottish-clans/clan-somerville/
The Scottish Nation; Somerville; URL: http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/somerville.htm
Thomas Somerville, 1st Lord of Somerville; Wikipedia, URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Somerville,_1st_Lord_Somerville
Ragman Rolls; URL: http://www.rampantscotland.com/ragman/blragman_index.htm
My name is Vicky, and after researching my family history since 2000, I have found amazing stories that need to be told. I hope you enjoy them as much as I have!