The spelling of the name Teague as well as other names in the early days of this country varied considerably from time to time and place to place as such spelling was based on the pronunciation and the possible guess of the recorder of these documents. In some instances the person knew the correct spelling of the name, but as the educational level of the early settlers was considerably limited because of an almost non-existent schooling available; many of the settlers were not able to read or write.
Edward, son of John Teague, was born in 1660 in Bristol, England and died on March 9, 1697 in Cecil County, Maryland. He married Susan about 1689. Edward immigrated from England to Maryland in 1675. He is listed in the book "Early Settlers of Maryland," on page 456. Edward is buried in the St Mary Annes Episcopal Church cemetery Cecil County, Maryland.
Edward Tegg’s name was transcribed in the records in 1675 as Teage, in 1695 as Tegg, and was corrected by his son William Teague in 1714, even though William was unable to sign his own name, but it is evident he knew how to spell it. The earliest known record located on Edward Teague is contained in the Hall of Records in Annapolis, Maryland in the "Index to Early Settlers" (1630-1680). Volume 2. This reads as follows: June 8, 1675 "‘ Eodem Die (this day) Thomas Jones proved his right to two hundred and fifty acres of land for transporting himself, Edward Teage, John Edmonds,Sr., Rebecca Edmonds, John Edmonds, Jr. into this Province to inhabit".
Edward Teage, as a boy was transported into Maryland by Thomas Jones; June 8, 1675. According to the Index to early settlers 1630-80, Vol. 2. Thomas Jones was an Indian Trader in Maryland, St. Mary's County, Maryland. Three years before he received land to inhabit. Edward Tegg in 1695 received 290 acres of patent land in Cecil Co. Maryland: (recorded in the land office in Annapolis, Md.) A little background on Thomas Jones:
On April 20, 1672, Thomas Jones of St. Mary's County, merchant, had been commissioned sole Indian trader within the Province, and had also been given the right to seize anyone else attempting to trade. In June of that year he was commissioned captain of the military forces of the recently-created Worcester County. That same summer, Jones, who was sheriff of Somerset County, too, was commissioned collector of Somerset, as his predecessor had been. He was to enter and clear all undecked vessels entering Somerset, and to take the necessary bonds. He was also one of the justices for Worcester County.
The Archives of Maryland Online has the following document recorded: 10 Nov 1674 Thomas JONES brings his servant Edward TEAGE before the Court and prays the worshipfull Court to judge of his age. He, ye said Edward TEAGE coming into this province without indentures. After a full view had by the Justices setting in Court of the said servant Edward TEAGE, this Court does adjudge him the said Edward TEAGE fourteen years of age
Edward Teague's step-mother, Elizabeth Purcell, gave Edward to Thomas Jones to serve as a servant after Edward's father, John Teague's death.
Aerial view of Tegg's Delight
The chimney of Edward's home, only thing still standing
Tegg's Delight, the home of Edward Teague, was located in the far northwest corner of Cecil County, MD on the northwest bank of Conowingo Creek. Conowingo Creek flows into the Susquehanna River about 2 miles south of the PA (Mason-Dixon) line. The most likely location is about 1½ miles upstream from the confluence with the river. This location is about 300 yards south of the Pilot Town Road bridge.
Driving directions: Driving north on US 1 from Baltimore, cross the Susquehanna River and turn north (left) onto US 222 at Kilby Corner, MD. Continue north about 1.9 mi. to Old Conowingo Rd., turn west (left) toward Oakwood and continue west about 1 mi. to cross Conowingo Creek on Pilot Town Road. About 300 yards past the creek there is a small southbound side road (may be marked as "Camp Shadowbrook Rd.") which leads to Tegg's Delight. The original home is long gone but a chimney is still standing. The area is now part of the Conowingo Girl Scout Camp.
In colonial Maryland a simple system was set up for obtaining land patents. The system was established to encourage the ownership of land in order to generate revenue for Lord Baltimore. A headright was established as the earliest requirement to obtaining the right to land. Under headright, land was granted based on the number of immigrants that were transported by an individual. Later this requirement was changed to a payment of money, called "caution money". After establishing headright or paying caution money, a warrant was issued. This allowed the person to have a surveyor lay out a parcel of land. The surveyor returned a certificate which described the parcel and often included a sketch showing the lay of the land. This certificate allowed the person to proceed to the last step, obtaining a patent. The patent also described the tract. All patents were subjected to an annual quitrent.
The following are Land Patents recorded for Edward:
Property, 26 Aug 1695, Maryland. First mention of 160 acre grant. "I do hereby assign unto Edward Tegg and his heirs 160 acres of land out of a warrant for 919 acres granted me the 12th May 1695. To have and to hold the same unto him and his heirs forever as witness my hand and seal this 26 August 1695. [signed] Thomas Coursey" (Maryland Land Office, Annapolis, MD, Book C, p483) • Property, 10 Oct 1695, Cecil Co, MD. Patent to Edward Tegg, "Pembroke", 160 acres: "By virtue of a warrant for 919 acres of land granted unto Thomas Coursey of Cecil County bearing date of the 12th of May last past and 300 acres thereof assigned unto Edward Tegg as may appear, I , Thomas Coursey, Deputy Surveyor, by appointment of Captain Richard Smith, Surveyor General, do humbly certify that I have laid out for the said Tegg all that tract or parcel of land called "Pembrooke", lying and being in the county aforesaid, and on the east side of Susquehanna River ... containing and now laid out for 160 acres, more or less, to be holden of the Manor of Baltimore and of me." (Maryland Land Office, Annapolis, MD, Book C, p483). • Property, 10 Oct 1695, Cecil Co, MD. Grant of "Pembroke", 160 acres. "Charles, absolute, etc., to all persons, know ye that for and in consideration that Edward Tegg of Cecil County in our said province of Maryland hath due unto him 160 acres of land within our said province being due unto him the said Edward by assignment of 300 acres of land from Thomas Coursey out of a warrant for 919 acres of land granted the said Cousey 12 May 1695 as appears in the Land Office and upon such conditions and terms as are expressed in our Conditions of Plantations of our said province bearing date 5 April 1684 and remaining upon record in our said province of Maryland. We do therefore hereby grant unto him the said Edward Tegg all that tract or parcel of land called "Pembroke" lying in Cecil County and on the east side of the Susquehanna River. ... Containing and now laid out for 160 acres of land more or less according to the certificate of survey thereof taken and returned into our Land Office bearing date 26 August 1695 and there remaining together with all rights, profits, and benefits and priviledges thereunto belonging, (Royal mines excepted). To have and to hold the same unto him the said Edward Tegg, his heirs and assigns forever. To be holden of us and our heirs as of our Manor of Baltimore in free and common soccage by fealty only for all manner of services, yeilding and paying therefore yearly unto us and our heirs at our receipt at the City of St. Marys at the two most usual feast in the year, viz, the feast of the Annunciation of the blessed Virgin Mary and St. Michael the Archangel, by even and equal portions the rent of six shillings and five pence in silver or gold and for a fine upon every alienation of the said land, or any part thereof, one whole years rent in silver or gold or the full value thereof in such commondities as we and our heirs or such officer or officers as shall be appointed by us and our heirs from time to time to collect and receive the same shall accept in discharge thereof at the choice of us and our heirs, provided that if the said sum for a fine or alienation shall not have been paid unto us and our heirs before such alienation, the said alienation entered upon record either in the provincial court or in the county court where the same parcel of land lieth within one month next after such alienation the said alienation shall be void and of no effect. Given under our greater seal at arms this 10 October 1695. Witness our trusty and well beloved Colonel Henry Darnall, Keeper of Our Greater Seal, in our said Province of Maryland." (Maryland Land Office, Annapolis, MD, Book C, p483) • Property, 10 Nov 1695, Cecil Co, MD. Patent to Edward Tegg, "Tegg's Delight", 130 acres. "We do hereby grant unto him, the said Edward Tegg all that tract or parcel of land called "Tegg's Delight" lying in Cecil County on the East Side of Susquehanna River on the side of a creek called Cunnuango ... containing and now laid out for 130 acres of land more or less." (Maryland Land Office, Annapolis, MD, Book C, p485) • Property: Cecil Co, MD. Edward Teague (Tegg) had a warrant patent of 300 acres in Cecil County, MD, as laid out in two tracts, one for 130 acres dated 25 August 1695, and the other 160 acres dated 26 [or 16] August 1695. These were recorded in the land office in Annapolis. 10 acres of the original warrant were never surveyed and so Edward failed to acquire title to those. These two parcels of land were sold by Edward's son William, although there are no records showing the conveyance of the parcels from Edward to William. The 160 acre parcel was sold on 14 May 1714 and the 130 acre parcel was sold on 18 June 1737. • Property, 1965, Cecil Co, MD. 667 Edward Teague (Tegg) recorded a certificate for a tract in Cecil Co, MD, called "Teague's (Teggs) Delight", 130 acres. The certificate was recorded in Lib C#3, folio 484. The patent was recorded in Lib C#3, folio 485. In 1754, the same tract name, now 208 acres, was recorded by Robert Graham. The certificate was recorded in Lib BC&GS#27, folio 123. The patent was recorded in Lib BC&GS #28, folio 238. The surveyor's patented certificate was #980.
The following are Probate records for Edward Teague: • Probate, 20 Sep 1697, Cecil Co, MD. On Edward's death on 9 Mar 1697, his estate was apraised. The apraisement, dated 20 Sept 1697, includes 2 frying pans, 1 brass kettle, 2 old pots, 1 hammer, 1 drawing knife, a sickle, a pair of hinges, a parcel of old iron, a box of iron, a handsaw, a pair of stockings and gloves, a feather bed, a broad axe, a dutch weel, pillows, 7 pair Indian stockings, 7 Bld. guns, 2 chests, a parcel of woodenware, an old horse, 2s/10p cash, 2 gal. Brandy, 400 lb Tobacco, Cow yearlings, 32 lbs lard, 25 gal cider, grubbing hoe, 1 pack salt, crosscut saw, indian corn, 2 old cider casts, 10 gals Rumlot, a box of iron [again], a bill of Thomas Whomsly for 1200 lb Tobacco, 1 stock lock. (Maryland Hall of Records, Annapolis MD, Inventories and Accounts of Cecil County, Book 15, p295). • Probate, 11 Oct 1697, Cecil Co, MD. "Returns of John Thompson, Deputy Commissioner, Cecil County, 11 October 1697, Administration Bond of the Estate of Edward Teague, late of Cecil County, deceased, ---- Emanuel Smith who married the relict (of the) said deceased had letters of administration to him granted in right of his wife and Bemoni Clarke and Henry Peterson his securities in 80 pounds of tobacco and ordered to be filed." (Maryland Hall of Records, Annapolis MD, Testementary Proceedings of Cecil County, Book 17, p39). • Probate, 4 May 1702, Cecil Co, MD. The final settlement of Edward's estate ("Edward Teage late of Cecil County, deceased March 9 1697") was completed, listing Emanuel Smith of Baltimore County, MD as administrator of the estate. • Appearance in Document, 19 Apr 1704. Emanuel Smith made his last will (he died 3 Jun 1704), which included the names of Edward Teague's children and wife Susan. Edward and Susan had three children. They were:
Catherine Teague, b. June 10, 1690; d. November 16, 1717, Cecil County, Maryland
Ann Teague, b. 1696. m. Thomas Mitchell
William Teague, Sr., b. 1693 in Teggs Delight, Cecil County, Maryland; d. 1775, Rowan County, North Carolina
St Mary Annes Episcopal Church cemetery Cecil Co. Md